Annual report pursuant to Section 13 and 15(d)

Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2020
Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates  
Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

3. Significant Accounting Policies and Estimates

Use of Estimates

The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. These estimates and assumptions include allowance for doubtful accounts, inventory reserves, deferred taxes, share-based compensation and related valuation allowances and fair value of long-lived assets. Actual results could differ from the estimates.


Cash include cash on hand and highly liquid investments having an original maturity of three months or less.

Accounts receivable, net

Trade accounts receivable are stated at the amount the Company expects to collect and do not bear interest. The Company evaluates the collectability of accounts receivable and records a provision to the allowance for doubtful accounts based on factors including the length of time the receivables are past due, the current business environment and the Company’s historical experience. Provisions to the allowances for doubtful accounts are recorded in selling, general and administrative expenses. Account balances are charged off against the allowance when it is probable that the receivable will not be recovered. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $1 thousand as of December 31, 2020 and $2 thousand as of December 31, 2019.


Inventory is stated at the lower of cost, the value determined by the first-in, first-out method, or net realizable value. The Company evaluates inventories for excess quantities, obsolescence or shelf-life expiration. This evaluation includes an analysis of historical sales levels by product, projections of future demand, the risk of technological or competitive obsolescence for products, general market conditions, and a review of the shelf-life expiration dates for products. These factors determine when, and if, the Company adjusts the carrying value of inventory to estimated net realizable value.

The balance is made up of raw materials, work-in-progress, and finished goods of $190 thousand, $22 thousand and $21 thousand on December 31, 2020, respectively, and was $113 thousand of raw material on December 31, 2019.

As a contract manufacturer, the Company builds its products based on customer orders and immediately ships the products upon completion of the production process. There were no work in progress or finished goods inventories as of December 31, 2019.

Property and equipment, net

Property and equipment is recorded at historical cost, net of accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation is provided over the assets useful lives on a straight-line basis. Leasehold improvements are amortized on a straight-line basis over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or lease terms. Repairs and maintenance costs are expensed as incurred.

Management periodically assesses the estimated useful life over which assets are depreciated or amortized. If the analysis warrants a change in the estimated useful life of property and equipment, management will reduce the estimated useful life and depreciate or amortize the carrying value prospectively over the shorter remaining useful life.

The carrying amounts of assets sold or retired and the related accumulated depreciation are eliminated in the period of disposal and the resulting gains and losses are included in the results of operations during the same period.

Impairment of Long-Lived Assets

We review the recoverability of our long-lived assets, including equipment and right-of-use assets, when events or changes in circumstances occur that indicate that the carrying value of the asset, or asset group, may not be recoverable. Events or circumstances that might cause management to perform impairment testing include, but are not limited to, significant underperformance relative to historical or projected future operating results of the asset or asset group, significant changes in the manner or use of assets or the strategy for our overall business; and significant negative industry or economic trends. If indicators of potential impairment are present, management performs a recoverability test and, if necessary, records an impairment loss. If the total estimated future undiscounted cash flows to be generated from the use and ultimate disposition of an asset or asset group is less than its carrying value, an impairment loss is recorded in the Company’s results of operations, measured as the amount required to reduce the carrying value to fair value. Fair value is determined in accordance with the best available information per the hierarchy described under Fair Value Measurements below. For example, the Company would first seek to identify quoted prices or other observable market data. If observable data is not available, Management would apply the best available information under the circumstances to a technique such as a discounted cash flow model to estimate fair value. Impairment analysis involves estimates and the use of assumptions due to the inherently judgmental nature of forecasting long-term estimated inflows and outflows resulting from the use and ultimate disposition of an asset, and determining the ultimate useful lives of assets. Actual results may differ from these estimates using different assumptions, which could materially impact the results of an impairment assessment.

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

Prepaid expenses and other current assets is recorded at historical cost and is primarily made up of $16 thousand and $18 thousand of prepaid insurance, and $9 thousand and $17 thousand general prepaid expenses and other current assets in the years ended December 31, 2020 and 2019 respectively.

Other Assets

Other Assets is recorded at historical costs, and as of December 31, 2020, the balance is entirely made up of spare parts for manufacturing equipment. Other assets are stated at cost and are not subject to depreciation, until such time that they are placed into service and the part that is being replaced is disposed.

Fair value measurements

The Company utilizes the fair value hierarchy to apply fair value measurements. The fair value hierarchy is based on inputs to valuation techniques that are used to measure fair values that are either observable or unobservable. Observable inputs reflect assumptions market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability based on market data obtained from independent sources, while unobservable inputs reflect a reporting entity’s pricing based upon its own market assumptions. The basis for fair value measurements for each level within the hierarchy is described below:

Level 1 —Quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.

Level 2 —Quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; or model-derived valuations whose inputs are observable or whose significant value drivers are observable.

Level 3 —Valuations derived from valuation techniques in which one or more significant inputs to the valuation model are unobservable.

The Company considers the carrying amounts of its financial instruments (cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable) in the balance sheet to approximate fair value because of the short-term or highly liquid nature of these financial instruments.

Warrant Liability

Warrants to purchase common stock were issued in connection with equity financing raises, which occurred on December 24, 2020, March 18, 2020, September 10, 2019 and November 6, 2019. The fair values of the warrants are estimated as of the date of issuance and again at each period end using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. At issuance, the fair value of the warrant is recognized as an equity issuance cost within additional paid-in-capital. Fair value adjustments to the warrant liability are recognized in other income (expense) in the statements of operations.

Revenue recognition

On January 1, 2018, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers  (ASC 606). The core principle of ASC 606 requires that an entity recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the Company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. ASC 606 defines a five-step process to achieve this core principle and, in doing so, it is possible more judgment and estimates may be required within the revenue recognition process than required under existing accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) including identifying performance obligations in the contract, estimating the amount of variable consideration to include in the transaction price and allocating the transaction price to each separate performance obligation. The Company adopted ASC 606 for all applicable contracts using the modified retrospective method, which would have required a cumulative-effect adjustment, if any, as of the date of adoption. The adoption of ASC 606 did not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements as of the date of adoption. As a result, a cumulative-effect adjustment was not required.

The Company recognizes revenue predominately from one type of revenue, contract manufacturing. Revenue from contract manufacturing is recognized at the point where the customer obtains control of the goods and the Company satisfies its performance obligation, which generally is at the time it ships the product to the customer.

The Company’s customers consist of other life sciences companies and revenues are concentrated in the United States. Payment terms vary by the type and location of customer and may differ by jurisdiction and customer but payment is generally required in a term ranging from 30 to 60 days from date of shipment.

Estimates for product returns, allowances and discounts are recorded as a reduction of revenue and are established at the time of sale. Returns are estimated through a comparison of historical return data and are determined for each product and adjusted for known or expected changes in the marketplace specific to each product, when appropriate. Historically, sales return provisions have not been material. Amounts accrued for sales allowances and discounts are based on estimates of amounts that are expected to be claimed on the related sales and are based on historical data. Payments for allowances and discounts have historically been immaterial.

As of December 31, 2020 and 2019, the Company did not have any contract assets or contract liabilities from contracts with customers. As of December 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, there were no remaining performance obligations that the Company had not satisfied.

Share-based compensation

On August 28, 2019, the Company adopted the 2019 Long-Term Incentive Plan (the "2019 Plan"). The 2019 Plan provides for the granting of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, restricted stock, stock appreciation rights ("SARs"), restricted stock units, performance awards, dividend equivalent rights and other awards, which may be granted singly, in combination, or in tandem, and which may be paid in cash, shares of common stock of the Company or a combination of cash and shares of common stock of the Company. The Company initial reserved a total of 2,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock for awards under the 2019 Plan.

Effective as of May 26, 2020, the Board approved an increase of the number of authorized shares of common stock reserved under the 2019 Plan from 2,000,000 shares of common stock to 17,000,000 shares of common stock all of which may be delivered pursuant to incentive stock options. Subject to adjustments pursuant to the 2019 Plan, the maximum number of shares of common stock with respect to which stock options or SARs may be granted to an executive officer during any calendar year is 500,000 shares of common stock.

The Company’s 2019 Long-Term Incentive Plan provides certain employees, contractors and outside directors with share-based compensation in the form of incentive stock options, nonqualified stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, restricted stock units, performance awards, dividend equivalent rights and other awards. The fair values of incentive stock option award grants are estimated as of the date of grant using a Black-Scholes option valuation model. Compensation expense is recognized in the statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the requisite service period, which is generally the vesting period required to obtain full vesting. Forfeitures are accounted for when they occur.

In June 2018, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2018‑07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718) - Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. These amendments expand the scope of Topic 718, Compensation - Stock Compensation, to include share-based payments issued to nonemployees for goods or services. Consequently, the accounting for share-based payments to nonemployees and employees will be substantially aligned. This new standard is effective for the Company on January 1, 2020. The Company early adopted this new standard in the third quarter of 2019 and it did not have material impact to its condensed financial statements.

Income taxes

Income taxes are accounted for using an asset and liability approach that requires the recognition of deferred tax assets and liabilities for the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities at the applicable tax rates. Deferred tax assets are reduced by a valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are adjusted for the effects of changes in tax laws and rates.

Tax benefits are recognized from an uncertain tax position only if it is more likely than not that the tax position will be sustained upon examination by a tax authority and based upon the technical merits of the tax position. The tax benefit recognized in the financial statements for a particular tax position is based on the largest benefit that is more likely than not to be realized upon settlement. An unrecognized tax benefit, or a portion thereof, is presented in the financial statements as a reduction to a deferred tax asset for a net operating loss carryforward, a similar tax loss, or a tax credit carryforward if such settlement is required or expected in the event the uncertain tax position is disallowed.

Segment reporting

The Company operates in one business segment as a contract manufacturer of aqueous polymer hydrogels. As a result, the Company’s operations are a single reportable segment, which is consistent with the Company’s internal management reporting.

Comprehensive loss

Comprehensive loss consists of net loss and changes in equity during a period from transactions and other equity and circumstances generated from non-owner sources. The Company’s net loss equals comprehensive loss for all periods presented,

Recently Adopted Accounting Standards

In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the "FASB”) established ASC Topic 842, Leases, by issuing Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016‑02, which requires lessees to recognize operating leases on the balance sheet and disclose key information about leasing arrangements. ASC Topic 842 was subsequently amended by ASU No. 2018‑01, Land Easement Practical Expedient for Transition to Topic 842; ASU No. 2018‑10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, Leases; and ASU No. 2018‑11, Targeted Improvements. The new standard establishes a right-of-use (“ROU”) model that requires a lessee to recognize a ROU asset and lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern and classification of expense recognition in the income statement. Lessor accounting under the new standard is substantially unchanged. Additional qualitative and quantitative disclosures are also required.

The Company adopted the new standard on leases on January 1, 2019.  The Company currently recognizes an operating lease right-of-use asset and a corresponding lease liability on its condensed balance sheet. The Company also applies the following accounting policies related to this standard:


The Company does not recognize ROU assets and liabilities for leases with a term of 12 months or less; and


The Company does not separate lease and non-lease components in the Companys lease contracts.

Recently Issued Accounting Standards

From time to time, new accounting pronouncements are issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board, or FASB, or other standard setting bodies and adopted by us as of the specified effective date. Unless otherwise discussed, the impact of recently issued standards that are not yet effective will not have a material impact on our financial position or results of operations upon adoption.

Financial Instruments—Credit Losses

In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016‑13, Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which introduces a model based on expected losses to estimate credit losses for most financial assets and certain other instruments. In November 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019‑10 Financial Instruments — Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842). The update allows the extension of the initial effective date for entities which have not yet adopted ASU No. 2016‑02. The standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2022, with early adoption permitted for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Entities will apply the standard’s provisions by recording a cumulative effect adjustment to retained earnings. The Company has not yet adopted ASU 2016‑13 and currently assessing the impact of this new standard on its financial statements.

Collaborative Arrangements

In November 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018‑18, Collaborative Arrangements (Topic 808). This update clarifies the interaction between ASC 808, Collaborative Arrangements and ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2018‑18”).  The update clarifies that certain transactions between participants in a collaborative arrangement should be accounted for under ASC 606 when the counterparty is a customer. In addition, the update precludes an entity from presenting consideration from a transaction in a collaborative arrangement as revenue if the counterparty is not a customer for that transaction. This update will be effective for the Company for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, and interim periods within those fiscal years. ASU 2018‑18 should be applied retrospectively to the date of initial application of ASC 606 and early adoption is permitted. The adoption of this standard will not have a material impact on the Company’s financial statements as the Company does not have any collaborative agreements. However, there is a potential for the Company to enter into collaborative agreements in the future, as it expands into consumer markets.

Fair Value Measurement—Disclosure Framework

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018‑13, Fair Value Measurement (Topic 820): Disclosure Framework — Changes to the Disclosure Requirements for Fair Value Measurement (“ASU 2018‑13”), which amends ASC Topic 820, Fair Value Measurements. ASU 2018‑13 modifies the disclosure requirements for fair value measurements by removing, modifying, or adding certain disclosures. The effective date is the first quarter of fiscal year 2021, with early adoption permitted for the removed disclosures and delayed adoption permitted until fiscal year 2021 for the new disclosures. The removed and modified disclosures will be adopted on a retrospective basis and the new disclosures will be adopted on a prospective basis. The Company has not yet adopted ASU 2018‑13 and currently assessing the impact of this new standard on its financial statements.